Infinitely dating glass bottles uk situation familiar
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As Berge noted in referring to bottles, the " This bottle dating "key" is a relatively simple "first cut" on the dating of a bottle. Please be aware that in order to gain the maximum information about any particular bottle e. Unfortunately, the complexities of precisely dating bottles is beyond the scope of any simple key; more complex keys are far in the future if they ever become available. A substantial amount of bottle type specific information must be reviewed by a user to increase the probability of dating accuracy. Additional reference materials outside of this website must usually be consulted to narrow down the date of any item as far as is possible and to really get a "feel" for the history of the bottle in question. Fortunately, as each year passes more of this type information becomes available on the internet.
The seams usually stop just before the lip. This type of lip on bottles was seen between Applied Blob: The lip is slightly curved and appears to have a slightly thicker bottom.
The seams tend to end just below the region where the lip is attached.
This type of lip was common on soda, beer, and mineral water bottles. Such lip was seen between the years An additional piece of glass is usually not attached as the lip. The finishing of these lips is usually very crude and uneven. Bottles with such lips were usually produced between the years The neck ring and threads were a part of the mold.
A Compendious Guide to Identify Antique Glass Bottles
The seams usually run above the threading system. The end near the opening was usually sheared and fire polished. These types of lips were commonly seen in bottles produced between Bottles that contain numbers and letters marked at the base indicate that the bottle has been manufactured somewhere after the early 20th century. Most bottles before the s feature embossed lettering.
Collecting antique bottles can be a lucrative hobby. Glass bottles began to be manufactured around and were used for beverages, cosmetic products and household cleaning supplies. Determining the date of a bottle helps the collector to determine the value of the bottle before purchasing it or trying to resell it. 26 rows OLD BOTTLE IDENTIFICATION AND DATING GUIDE. This webpage is intended to . Dating antique bottles requires knowledge of the evolution of bottle technology and the ability to research manufacturers and bottling companies. Although glass bottles have been made for a few thousand years, it was not until the 19th century that bottle use became common, coinciding with the industrial revolution.
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These cookies do not store any personal information. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Skip to primary navigation Skip to main content Skip to primary sidebar Skip to footer A Compendious Guide to Identify Antique Glass Bottles Well-maintained genuine antique glass bottles could fetch you a good deal.
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Get ates Right to Your Inbox Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week give or take Blog ates If you are human, leave this field blank. There are numerous reasons for this:. Like many industries making the leap from manual craftsman production to industrialization and automation, technological advances in bottle manufacturing were not immediately accepted by glass manufacturers or their workers.
Acceptance often occurred over a period of many years or decades in some cases. This technology lag makes some diagnostic characteristics better than others for dating. This will be noted where known. As a corollary to 1, consider the following quote: "Treat terminal dates with care. We can always have some indication of a starting date for a technique if we can find who first put the idea into practice.
But any technique, once developed, can be used right up to the present - as many collectors know who have been so unfortunate as to rely too heavily on a popular termination date as sure evidence of true antiquity In short, there was and is nothing to stop a glassmaker from using an obsolete method in the production of a bottle.
Some technological changes were expensive and not adopted by glass makers until it became an "adapt or perish" issue and many glass factories simply perished.
The shift to the fully automated bottle machine from mouth-blown and some semi-automatic methods in the early 20th century is the classic example Toulousea. The same bottle could have been recycled and reused many times for many years before finally being discarded - entire or broken Busch ; see link below.
Dating glass bottles uk
This was almost universal with many beverage bottle types e. The two products were from separate companies which were cross-town [Sacramento, CA.
The author has also seen Star Bitters labels on Wait's bottles as well as both labels on the immensely period popular Hostetter's Stomach Bitters bottles! Reuse, of course, does not change the manufacturing date of the bottle itself, but care must be exercised when using the known date of one or a few bottles to date other items found from the same context. When a likely or known "older" item is found in a known "newer" site it is referred to as deposition lag.
An example of this is the finding of a few pontil scarred utilitarian bottles among otherwise late 19th or early 20th century refuse.
ANTIQUE COKE BOTTLE AGE - HOW TO TELL THE AGE OF COCA COLA BOTTLES
It is unlikely that this bottle was made during the same era, but instead was reused for a lengthy period or otherwise retained until broken or discarded. Pontiled base fragments could also be from later produced "specialty" bottles which are described below. Other diagnostic tools must be used to date these items. Shape is more indicative of function, i. All this adds to the fascination with bottle making, but makes systematic dating similar to solving Rubik's cube - ostensibly simple on the surface but complex in practice.
That is the point of this website. A yet a few more factors to keep in mind in the dating of bottles Utilitarian items makes up the bulk of the bottles produced during the 19th century and first half of the 20th century. Bottles intended to be used once to dispense the contained product without much hope of return; 2. Those produced during the era where all bottles were an relatively rare and cherished commodity to be discarded only when broken i.
Click canning jar to view the typology page section devoted to that category.
The heavy glass beer bottle pictured to the above left is a classic example of a utilitarian bottle from the late 19th century which was typically reused but follows the dating guidelines on this and the related dating pages.
The dating guidelines found on these Dating Pages and the entire website do not always work well with what the author calls "specialty" bottles click for more information. For example, some bottle types which were intended to be kept indefinitely like the early 20th century barber bottle pictured to the right were produced with the use of pontil or punty rods leaving telltale pontil scars on bottles into at least the early 20th century.
The base image below left is of an late 19th to early 20th century barber bottle base with a very distinct blowpipe pontil scar with a little residual iron from the pontil rod. Another exception example is that the bottles for expensive, limited production liquors e. Many specialty bottles were imported from Europe, though that fact may be at times hard to impossible to ascertain.
Specialty bottles can be, of course, occasionally found on historic sites usually fragments, but occasionally intact but can rarely be used to help date the site because of the diagnostic problems and deposition lag issues noted above.
Having stated the above, there are still many diagnostic features or characteristics that provide a high probability of both dating and typing a bottle with some precision. A key concept in historic bottle dating is the high probability i. The general probability estimates noted on this website are based on a merging of reliable references with empirical observations made by this site's affiliated consulting experts see the About This Site page and the author all of whom have been students of historic bottle dating and identification for many years.
N otes on embossing, labeling, and existing research. Raised embossing and when present, paper labeling on a bottle can frequently provide important details to refine the probable manufacturing date range if information exists for the company that either manufactured the bottle i. For example, the early San Francisco mineral water bottle pictured here is known to date between based on the information provided by the embossing company name embossed on the pictured side and the glass maker - Union Glass Works - embossed on the reverse and research done by collectors Markota Researched historical information of variable depth and quality exists for thousands of different - typically embossed - bottles.
Published works generally cover either a particular city, region, or category of bottles. See the References page for more information.
Well-maintained genuine antique glass bottles could fetch you a good deal. HobbyZeal gives you a guide to identify antique glass bottles. Did You Know The earliest known use of glass vessels was by the Ancient Egyptians dating back to 1, BCE. Archaeological evidence collected from this era contains many glass coated artifacts. As Berge noted in referring to bottles, the " mode of manufacture of glass containers provides observable attributes which seem to be very useful in a classification of these artifacts." Thus, this page. This bottle dating "key" is a relatively simple "first cut" on the dating of a bottle.
For a large majority of embossed and unembossed bottles, however, there is little or nothing formally published on the details of their origins. Only a relative few geographic areas or areas of collecting interest have received more than cursory historical treatment and the majority of this is due to the efforts of collectors. Time has taken its toll on records, of course, but much of what happened in the past was simply not documented well or at all as with most endeavors of common people in the past.
As noted in Munsey's book, " When it comes to methods of dating bottles As Munsey also notes - " Most of what is used today to date bottles Still all true today.
This body of information will be utilized and extrapolated to make dating and typing estimates for the majority of bottles for which there is either no specific company or glass maker information available or such is not possible to determine because the bottles are unmarked i.
Stell Newman Newman Newman's key made a noble attempt at simplifying bottle dating, but is weakened by the fact that the subject is much too complex to be conducive to such a simple approach by itself. Also, the format and space constraints of a journal article do not allow for the elaboration and illustrations necessary to make a key function fully Jones b.
Newman wryly recognized all this with his reworking of an old saying: "This bottle dating key is for the guidance of the wise and the obedience of fools. This website is designed to have the informational depth, pictures, and illustrations necessary to solve the problems of the Newman key though his warning still holds, although hopefully less so. This entire website is essentially a key to the dating and typing of bottles.
However, the author of this site still recommends Dr. Before jumping into the key, it must again be emphasized that no single key can get a user to an absolutely precise date for any bottle. The best the following key can do is get a user to a reliably close dating range estimate.
Other information on this website usually must be reviewed to fine tune the information about a specific bottle. If the seams disappear in the neck, the bottle was probably "blown-in-mold" and dates circa to early s. Is a pontil mark present along with disappearing side mold seams? This bottle probably dates circa to Do the mold seams disappear in the neck, but the bottle lacks a pontil mark?
Blown-in-mold bottles without pontil marks date circa s to s. Do the mold seams go all the way from the base to the lip? This is a machine-made bottle and dates after Look for a "suction" scar on the base. This will be shallower, wider and more perfectly circular than a pontil mark. Bottles with suction scars were made in an Owens Automatic Bottle Machine and date after The Owens machine revolutionized the bottle industry.
Check for lack of bubbles and uniform glass thickness. This is another indication of a machine-made bottle.
Is embossed lettering present? Most bottles with embossed lettering date from the late 19th century and later. Lettering on the body will give clues to the contents and lettering on the base will give clues to the manufacturer. Both require more specific research to refine the bottle's date beyond observation of technology.
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